The Scottish Orchestra Company was ‘formed in 1891 for the purpose of organizing and maintaining, on a permanent basis, an efficient Orchestra which would be available for Concerts throughout Scotland over a much longer period than has hitherto been possible’.
Each season consisted of two series of orchestral concerts, the first referred to as the Classical Orchestral Concerts (1893–4)/Tuesday Concerts (1904–6) and the second as the Popular Orchestral Concerts. During the 1893–94 season, a series of 6 Chamber Music performances was also given, at the Queen’s Rooms, Glasgow.
Each volume includes a prospectus for the season and a complete set of analytical programmes for the Classical/Tuesday Concerts.
The prospectuses provide detailed information regarding the performers engaged and serve to outline arrangements for subscriptions/tickets. They also include a brief introductory statement, a list of the orchestral ensemble, and a set of ‘sketch programmes’ for the Classical/Tuesday Concerts. From 1904, a list of the committee members and guarantors is added.
All programmes include a list of the orchestral ensemble and, unless otherwise stated below, carry historical and analytical notes, with musical examples. The majority of these notes are reproductions of those written for London concerts by George Grove. Other contributors include C.A. Barry, Alfred Kalisch and Percy Pitt, Edgar F. Jacques, Edward Dannreuther, Joseph Bennett and August Manns. Also, Ernst Newman, W.H. Daly and W.A. Morgan.
Many programmes carry photographs of either the soloist or guest conductor and the final programme for each season includes an Index of the works performed during the series.
The Classical/Tuesday Concerts were typically two-part performances of orchestral and orchestrally-accompanied repertory, with a large number of pieces being given for the first time in Glasgow. From 1904, the series numbered sixteen performances and was divided into twelve orchestral, three choral and one choral-orchestral concert, led by Henri Verbrugghen with Thomas Berry (organ). Unless otherwise stated below, the orchestral performances were conducted by Frederic Cowen and the choral concerts given by the Glasgow Choral Union, conducted by Joseph Bradley.
The small amount of information provided regarding the Popular Orchestral Concerts is cited below.
Volume 1: 1893–94
Classical Orchestral Concerts: 30 October, 13 and 27 November and 11 and 25 December 1893; 8, 22 and 31 January, 12 and 19 February, 5 and 19 March and 2 April 1894.
Popular Orchestral Concerts: 4 and 18 November and 2, 13 and 28 December 1893; 12 and 25 January, 10, 17 and 24 February, 10, 17 and 24 March and 7 April 1894.
Chamber Concerts: 9 November and 7 December 1893; 11 January, 8 February and 8 and 29 March 1894.
Violin: Senor Sarasate, Mademoiselle Frida Scotta, Monsieur Maurice Sons, Fraulein Gabriele Wietrowetz, Dr Joseph Joachim and Lady Hallé.
Piano: Monsieur Paderewski, Mr Leonard Borwick, Miss Fanny Davies, Miss P. Hofmann, Mr Philip E. Halstead and Monsieur Sapellnikoff.
Vocal: Mrs Henschel, Miss Esther Palliser, Mademoiselle Trebelli, Madame Emily Squire, Miss Evangeline Florence, Miss Clara Butt, Mr Plunket Greene and Mr Henschel.
Maurice Sons (leader) and Georg Henschel (conductor).
This document also includes a list of the orchestral and chamber works to be performed at these concerts, the latter including music by Beethoven, Brahms, Haydn, Mendelssohn, Mozart and Schubert.
- Analytical Programmes/Classical Orchestral Concerts
30 October 1893: Frida Scotta (violin).
13 November 1893: Paderewski (piano).
27 November 1893: Senor Sarasate (violin).
11 December 1893: Maurice Sons (violin) and H. Plunket Greene (vocal), including Liszt, Symphonic Poem ‘What is heard on the Mountains’ (first Scottish performance).
25 December 1893: Mr and Mrs Henschel (vocal).
8 January 1894: Fanny Davies (piano), including C.V. Stanford, Overture and Incidental Music to Tennyson’s ‘Becket’ (op. 48) (first concert performance, conducted by the composer).
22 January 1894: Mademoiselle Antoinette Trebelli (vocal), including C.H. Parry, Selection from the Music to ‘Hypatia’ (first Glasgow performance, conducted by the composer).
31 January 1894: Joachim (violin).
12 February 1894: In Memoriam Richard Wagner, with Marie Fillunger (vocal).
19 February 1894: Leonard Borwick (piano), including Arthur Somervell, Border Ballad for orchestra, ‘Helen of Kirkconnel’ (first Glasgow performance, conducted by the composer).
5 March 1894: Ilona Eibenschütz (piano).
19 March 1894: Lady Hallé (violin), including Dvorak, New Overture, ‘Carneval’ [sic] (op. 92) (first British performance).
29 March 1894: Extra Concert, Choral and Orchestral, being Beethoven, Symphony No.9, with Marie Fillunger, Miss Agnes Janson, Mr Charles Chilley and Mr Daniel Price (vocal) and the Glasgow Choral Union.
2 April 1894: Madame Haas (piano).
Each of these programmes includes an advertisement for the next performance in this series and for the forthcoming Popular Orchestral Concerts and Chamber Music Concerts. Bound with the final programme is an ‘Index, to Compositions performed at the Scottish Orchestra Classical Concerts in Glasgow during Season 1893–94’.
Volume 2: 1904–05
Tuesday Concerts: 15, 22 and 29 November and 6, 13, 20 and 27 December 1904; 2, 3, 10, 17, 24 and 31 January and 7, 14 and 23 February 1905.
Popular Concerts: 19 and 26 November and 3, 10, 17, 24 and 31 December 1904; 7, 14, 21 and 28 January and 4, 11, 18 and 25 February 1905.
Vocal: Miss Agnes Nicholls, Mademoiselle Antonia Dolores, Miss Lydia Nervil, Mrs Henry J. Wood and Miss Gleeson-White; Miss Marie Brema, Miss Muriel Foster, Miss Ada Crossley and Miss Mabel Braine; Mr John Coates, Mr Henry Brearley, Mr John Harrison and Mr Webster Millar; Mr Santley, Mr Andrew Black, Mr Charles Tree, Mr Robert Radford, Mr Robert Burnett and Mr Montague Borwell.
Violins: Fritz Kreisler, Jacques Thibaud and Henry Verbrugghen.
Piano: Teresa Carreño, Harold Bauer and Raoul Pugno.
- Analytical Programmes/Tuesday Concerts
Where no other indication is given, the works listed below in relation to the orchestral concerts were receiving their first performance in Glasgow. Where a single work was given as part of the Choral Concerts, this is also listed.
15 November 1904: Mrs Henry Wood (vocal), accompanied by Henry Wood, including E. German, Rhapsody on March Themes and Eugen d’Albert, Slumber Song.
22 November 1904: Elgar, The Apostles (first Scottish performance) (programme and wordbook only).
29 November 1904: Fritz Kreisler (violin), F. d’Erlanger, Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D minor, op.17 and Elgar, New Overture, ‘In the South’.
6 December 1904: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
13 December 1904: Monsieur Raoul Pugno (piano), including Mozart, Serenade in D, ‘Haffner’.
20 December 1904: conducted by Fritz Steinbach, including J.S. Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No.3.
27 December 1904: Miss Lydia Nervil (vocal), including Rameau, Airs de Ballet from ‘Les Indes Galantes’ (second suite) and Cesar Franck, Symphony in D minor.
3 January 1905: Mademoiselle Antonia Dolores, including Goldmark, Scherzo for Orchestra (op.45).
10 January 1905: conducted by Edouard Colonne, including Saint-Saens, Symphony in A minor.
17 January 1905: Harold Bauer (piano), including Mozart, Minuet from Divertimento in D, for Horn and Strings and J.S. Bach, Bourée in B minor, for Strings.
24 January 1905: conducted by Henschel.
31 January 1905: Jacques Thibaud (violin), including Saint-Saens, Concerto for Violin and Orchestra, No.1 in A and Borodin[e], Symphony No.2 in B minor.
7 February 1905: Elgar, Dream of Gerontius (programme and wordbook, with notes by Mr T. H. Collinson).
14 February 1905: Henri Verbrugghen (violin), including Tchaikovsky, Overture, ‘Le Voyevode’.
23 February 1905: Madame Teresa Carreño (piano). Bound with this document is an ‘Index to the Programmes of the Compositions performed at the Choral and Orchestral Union Tuesday Concerts during Season 1904-1905’.
Volume 3: 1905–06
Tuesday Orchestral Concerts: 14, 21 and 28 November and 5, 12, 19 and 26 December 1905; 1, 2, 9, 16, 23 and 30 January and 6, 13 and 22 February 1906.
Saturday Popular Orchestral Concerts: 18 and 25 November and 2, 9, 16, 23 and 30 December 1905; 6, 13, 20 and 27 January and 3, 10, 17 and 24 February 1906.
The prospectus claims that these ‘programmes will be on popular lines, and will include Vocal and Instrumental Solos’.
Vocal: Miss Agnes Nicholls, Mademoiselle Antonia Dolores, Miss Gleeson-White, Madame Gracia Ricardo, Miss Jenny Taggart, Madame Bertha Rossow and Miss Lillie Wormald; Miss Muriel Foster, Miss Mabel Braine, Miss Edna Thornton, Misss T. Grabowsky and Miss F. Richardson; Mr Henry Brearly, Mr John Harrison, Mr Webster Millar, Mr Anderson Nicol and Mr Lloyd Chandos; Mr Andrew Black, Mr Robert Burnett, Mr Fowler Burton, Mr Montague Borwell, Mr Robert Radford, Mr Walter Harvey, Mr Lewys James, Mr Herbert Parker and Mr Arthur Winckworth.
Violins: Lady Hallé, Herr Kubelik and Henri Verbrugghen.
Piano: Teresa Carreño, Miss Fanny Davies and Mr Frederic Lamond.
- Analytical Programmes/Tuesday Concerts
14 November 1905: Herr Kubelik (violin) and Madame Gracia Ricardo (vocal).
21 November 1905: J.S. Bach, St. Matthew Passion (programme and wordbook with Preliminary Note by Morton Latham (Bach Choir) and other notes by G.A. Macfarren, reproduced from Musical Times).
28 November 1905: Fanny Davies (piano), including Liszt, ‘Gretchen’ from Symphony ‘Faust’ (first Glasgow performance).
5 December 1905: conducted by Siegmund von Hausegger
12 December 1905: Madamoiselle Antonia Dolores (vocal), including Brahms, Rondo from Serenade in A, without violins (first Glasgow performance).
19 December 1905: Elgar, The Apostles, Parts I and II (programme and wordbook only).
26 December 1905: Frederic Lamond (piano), including the first Glasgow performances of Lamond, Concert-Overture, ‘From the Scottish Highlands’ (op. 4), conducted by the composer and Richard Strauss, Symphony in F minor, op.12.
1 January 1906: Handel, The Messiah.
2 January 1906: Miss Agnes Nicholls (vocal).
9 January 1906: conducted by E. Colonne, including Bruneau, Prelude from ‘Messidor’ (first Glasgow performance).
16 January 1906: Lady Halle (violin), including Debussy, Prelude à ‘L’après-Midi d’un faune’ (first Glasgow performance).
23 January 1906: conducted by Hans Richter.
30 January 1906: Mr Henri Verbrugghen (violin).
6 February 1906: Wagner, The Flying Dutchman (programme and wordbook only).
13 February 1906: Teresa Carreño (piano), including Vincent d’Indy, Symphonic Variations, ‘Istar’ (first Glasgow performance).
22 February 1906: Beethoven, Symphony No.9 and first Glasgow performance of Cowen, John Gilpin.
- Additional material
Programme and wordbook for a Scottish Orchestra Concert given on 30 November 1905 at St. Margaret’s Hall, Glasgow, led by Henri Verbrugghen and conducted by Cowen, with Madame Mary Conly (vocal), accompanied by David Stephen. This document includes historical and descriptive notes and is bound with a handbill for a Lecture to be given by Mr David Stephen for the Carnegie Dunfermline Trust on 29 November 1905. This was entitled 'The Orchestra' and included musical analyses of pieces to be performed at this concert.
- Wormald, Lillie -
- Wood, Henry -
- Wood, Henry J. (Mrs) -
- Winckworth, Arthur -
- Wietrowetz, Gabriele -
- Wagner, Richard -
- Verbrugghen, Henri -
- Tree, Charles -
- Trebelli, Antoinette -
- Thornton, Edna -
- Thibaud, Jacques -
- Tchaikovsky, Pyotr -
- Taggart, Jenny -
- Strauss, Richard -
- Stephen, David -
- Steinbach, Fritz -
- Stanford, Charles Villiers -
- Squire, Emily -
- Sons, Maurice -
- Somervell, Arthur -
- Scottish Orchestra Company -
- Scotta, Frida -
- Sarasate, Pablo de -
- Sapelnikoff, Monsieur -
- Santley, Charles -
- Saint-Saens, Camille -
- Rossow, Bertha -
- Richter, Hans -
- Richardson, Fredrica -
- Ricardo, Gracia -
- Rameau, Jean Philippe -
- Radford, Robert -
- Pugno, Raoul -
- Price, Daniel -
- Pitt, Percy -
- Parry, C. Hubert Hastings -
- Parker, Herbert -
- Palliser, Esther -
- Paderewski, Ignacy Jan -
- Nicol, Anderson -
- Nicholls, Agnes -
- Newman, Ernest -
- Nervil, Lydia -
- Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus -
- Morgan, W. A. -
- Millar, Webster -
- Manns, August -
- Macfarren, George -
- Liszt, Franz -
- Latham, Morton -
- Lamond, Frederic -
- Kubelik, Rafael -
- Kreisler, Fritz 1875 - 1962
- Kalisch, Alfred -
- Joachim, Joseph -
- Janson, Agnes -
- James, Lewys -
- Jacques, Edgar F. -
- Hofmann, Miss P. -
- Henschel, Helen Henriette -
- Henschel, George (Isidor Georg) -
- Hausegger, Siegmund von 1872 - 1948
- Harvey, Walter -
- Harrison, John -
- Halstead, Philip E. -
- Hallé, Lady (Wilma Norman-Neruda) 1838 - 1911
- Haas, Madame -
- Grove, George -
- Greene, Harry Plunkett -
- Grabowsky, Miss T. -
- Goldmark, Karl -
- Gleeson-White, Madame -
- Glasgow Choral Union -
- German, Edward -
- Franck, Cesar -
- Foster, Muriel -
- Florence, Evangeline -
- Fillunger, Marie -
- Erlanger, Frédéric d' -
- Elgar, Edward -
- Eibenschutz, Ilona -
- Dvorak, Antonin -
- Dolores, Antonia -
- d'Indy, Vincent -
- Debussy, Claude -
- Davies, Fanny -
- Dannreuther, Edward George -
- Daly, W. H. -
- Crossley, Ada -
- Cowen, Frederic -
- Conly, Mary -
- Colonne, Edouard -
- Coates, John 1865 - 1941
- Chilley, Charles -
- Chandos, Lloyd -
- Carreño, Teresa 1853 - 1917
- Carnegie Dunfermline Trust -
- Butt, Clara -
- Burton, Fowler -
- Burnett, Robert -
- Bruneau, Alfred -
- Brema, Marie -
- Brearley, Henry -
- Braine, Mabel -
- Brahms, Johannes -
- Bradley, Joseph -
- Borwick, Leonard -
- Borwell, Montague -
- Borodin, Alexander -
- Black, Andrew -
- Berry, Thomas -
- Bennett, Joseph -
- Bauer, Harold -
- Barry, Charles Ainslie -
- Bach, Johann Sebastian -
- Albert, Eugen d' -