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HomeSearchGetRecordEnglaenderlager für Zivilgefangene, Ruhleben (1914-18)

Collection Description

Collection Title
Englaenderlager für Zivilgefangene, Ruhleben (1914-18)
Unique Identifier
A collection of concert, theatre and sports programmes, educational prospectuses, newsletters and other documents produced by, and for, the inhabitants of the Ruhleben Internment Camp, 1914–18, held loosely and ordered in a miscellaneous fashion.

The collection includes material relating to 36 concerts (with multiple copies for certain performances) and seven over events (largely theatrical) which incorporated music.

1. Concerts
Unless otherwise stated below, documentation for these events took the form of a single-sided programme/handbill.

- Promenade Concerts (15 programmes relating to 12 performances)
These were predominantly orchestral concerts, made up of single-movement pieces such as overtures, dance pieces and Selections. Programmes for the 1915 season cite the involvement of at least one vocal soloist and list Mr Peebles-Conn as conductor. Thereafter, little or no information is provided regarding the performers.
8 June 1915: no.1, accompanied by R G. Abbott.
15 June 1915: no.2, arranged by W.N. Green with F.W. Hughesdon (vocal).
[no date 1915]: no.3, with H.F. Hamlyn (vocal).
6 July [1915]: no.15, arranged by W.N. Green with Messrs. A. Welland, G. Ludlow and A. E. Dodd (vocal).
13 July [1915]: no.6, with Mr Wagenheim (vocal).
23 May, 13 June, 4, 18 and 25 July and 15 August 1916: with 3 copies for 4 July and 2 copies for 15 August.
It would appear that regular patrons of these concerts were given the opportunity to vote on the programme: the collection includes a sample of the form used to do this, relating to the concert on 15 August 1916. This provides a list of the types of pieces to be included, leaving space for the suggestion of specific works within each category.
The collection also includes the programme for a Grand Concert given by Mr Pebbles-Conn with the Promenade Orchestra on 12 August 1916.

- Miscellaneous concerts
[no date]: Franz Lehar, Der Graf von Luxemburg, directed by Mr Peebles-Conn (handwritten, with a complete list of the cast).
[no date]: Grand Concert, conducted by F. Ch. Adler, including violin and piano solos by Godfrey Ludlow and Harry Field, a performance of Grieg, Piano Concerto by William Lindsay and C. Stanford, Te Deum with Messrs Platt, Austin, Anstey and Hughesdon (vocal).
25 December 1914: Gounod, Nazareth/selections from Handel, The Messiah, arranged and conducted by F. Ch. Adler with Mr Paur (cembalo). A review of this concert is provided in Ruhleben Camp News, no. 2, 27 January 1915 (see below).
[no date] 1915: Leo Fall, The Merry Peasant, conducted by Mr Peebles-Conn (handwritten with a complete cast list).
25 January 1915: A Nicht wi’ Burns, including vocal and instrumental solos by Messrs Bell, Ramsey, Ritchie, Mackenzie and Tweedie (vocal) and Mr J. Peebles-Conn (violin), accompanied by Messrs Lindsey and Morvaren. The performance also included part songs and orchestral selections arranged by Mr J. Peebles-Conn, an Address by Prof. Delmer and a Bag-Pipe Selection, played by Mr Mathieson.
3 February 1915, Grand Stand: Service, including J.S. Bach, Air for Strings, Handel, Hallelujah Chorus and congregational hymns (programme and wordbook).
28 February 1915, Grand Stand Hall: Mendelssohn, Elijah (part II), with Professor Keel and Messrs Hughesdon, Austin, Bonhote, Platt and Keeble (vocal), conducted by Mr F. Ch. Adler.
14 March 1915, Grand Stand Hall: The Russian Choir (conducted by Mr K. Skaliza) with orchestral music conducted by Mr Adler and vocal and piano solos performed by Messrs B. Dobroborski and Pauer.
Easter Sunday [4 April] 1915: sacred music by Mendelssohn, Stanford and Cesar Franck, given by Messrs Platt, Ansty, Bonhote, Austin and Hughesdon (vocal), conducted by F. Ch. Adler.
5 April 1915: A Quiet Evening, with Faircloth & Maurice, given with the assistance of ‘the one and only “Adler and Band”’, being an Orchestral Selection (overture) followed by a series of solo vocal numbers.
17 April [1915]: Violin and Pianoforte Recital, arranged and accompanied by Mr C. Weber, comprising nineteenth-century instrumental repertory performed by Mr Godfrey Ludlow (violin) and Messrs Harry Field and Norman Hewitt (piano).
28 November 1915: 1st Symphony Concert, with Mr E. Bonhote (vocal) and Mr Field (piano), conducted by Mr McMillan.
12 December 1915: Symphony Concert, with Mr W. Lindsay (piano) and Mr Sumner Austin (vocal), conducted by Mr E. L. Bainton. This was a programme of predominantly English vocal and orchestra repertory, with Haydn, ‘Military’ symphony and Mozart, Piano Concerto in A major (with a specially composed cadenza by B.J. Dale).
8 January 1916, New YMCA Hall: Conversazione for Members of the Camp School, R.C.S. Education Committee, including string quartets by Mozart and Dvorak (given by Messrs Clark/L. Harris, Marshall, Williams and Schlesinger) and English vocal quartets performed by Messrs A. Ritchie, J. Marshall, Rawson and C. Bell. Also, English folk songs performed by Mr W.J. Anstey and Mr Colin Bell.
16 January 1916: Chamber Concert, including piano quartets by Mozart and Brahms (Messrs W. Lindsay, Leslie Harris, T.G. Williams and A. Dodd), vocal solos by Mr F.W. Hughesdon, and piano solos by Lindsay (programme and wordbook).
12 March 1916: concert of nineteenth-century vocal and instrumental music, including vocal solos performed by Charles Weber and piano solos by W. Lindsay. Also, Mozart String Quartet No. 13 in G (Messrs Marshall, McIlwain, Williams and Schlesinger), B.J. Dale, Romance from Suite for Viola and Pianoforte (J. Peebles-Conn and B.J. Dale) and W.W. Gade, Trio for Violin, Violoncello and Pianoforte (Messrs Peebles-Conn, Dodd and Pauer), accompanied by Mr B.J. Dale (2 copies).
22 April 1916, YMCA Hall: concert of predominantly German vocal and instrumental music, arranged by Mr E.C. Macmillan, with Mr Quentin Morvaren and Mr W. Pauer (organ), Mr F.W. Hughesdon and Mr Frederick Keel (vocal), Mr L. Harris (violin) and Mr Arthur Dodd (cello), accompanied by Mr B.J. Dale and Mr E.C. Macmillan.
30 August 1916 (and following nights): Gilbert and Sullivan, The Pirates of Penzance, with musical direction from J. Peebles-Conn (with a complete cast list).
25 September 1916, The Grand Stand Hall: Conversazione given by the Ruhleben Camp School, including string quartets by Haydn and Percy Grainger (Messrs T.H. Marshall, A.M. Clarke, T.G. Williams and F. Schlesinger) and vocal quartets by I.C. Macy and S.E. Lovatt. The concert also featured Mr Jablonowski and Mr F. Keel (vocal) and G.H. Phillips (cello) and concluded with a one-act comedie by Francois Coppée.
8 October 1916: Symphony Concert, with F.W. Hughesdon (vocal) and William Lindsay (piano), conducted by E. L. Bainton, being a programme of nineteenth and twentieth-century orchestral repertory by German and English composers (programme and wordbook).
22 October 1916: Ruhleben Chamber Concert, including Beethoven, String Quartet in C minor, op. 18 and Schutt, Suite for Violin and Piano (Leslie Harris and Gordon Short). Also, operatic excerpts performed by Mr Jaelarowsky and Rachmaninoff, Suite for Two Pianos (Leland Cossart and Gordon Short).
4 November 1916, Studio: First Concert-Abend der R.S.G.D.L., given by Herr Widdowson (violin), Block (cello), Macmillan and Wolf (piano), Austin (vocal), and Cossart (flugel) (handwritten programme).
26 November 1916: Words of Songs, for a Chamber Concert given by the Ruhleben Musical Society, including texts by Paul Verlaine and a number of Scottish folk songs.
14 April 1918: Chamber Concert, including Mozart, Fantasia for a musical clock and Beethoven, Trio for Violin, Cello and Pianoforte op. 1/2. Also, violin, vocal and piano solos by Mr J. Peebles-Conn, Charles Weber and Gordon Short respectively.

2. Drama/Theatrical performances
Unless otherwise stated, the documentation for these performances consisted of single-sided handbills.

- with music
[Undated]: Arnold Bennett/Edward Knoblaugh, Milestones, with overtures by Edward German, Oscar Strauss and Richard Strauss.
19 July [no year]: Promenade des Anglais, conducted by Gus. Barra, being a two-part entertainment including vocal solos by D. Rowlands, Harry Stafford and B.E. Tapp and orchestral pieces at the beginning and end. Also, recitations, comedy sketches and a dramatic piece entitled ‘Motoring’ (programme and wordbook).
[Undated]: George Bernard Shaw, Androcles and the Lion, presented by the Ruhleben Dramatic Society and given with an orchestral overture composed for the production by Quentin Morvaren.
8 May 1915: Don’t Laugh, a revue in 8 episodes, with music composed and arranged by Mr E.C. Macmillan.
23-30 April 1916: brochure for the Tercentenary Shakespeare Festival, including a concert of Shakespearean music (26 April), with vocal solos by Mr Frederick Keel and Mr W. T. Anstey, choral pieces by the Madrigal Choir, and orchestral pieces conducted by Mr E. C. McMillan, and accompanied by B. J. Dale. Also, productions of Twelfth Night (with music composed and conducted by E. L. Bainton, 23-25 April) and The Tragedy of Othello the Moor of Venice (with interval music conducted by B. J. Dale and Beethoven, Overture to Coriolanus, 28-30 April), and an evening entitled ‘Shakespearean England: Historical and Literary Survey’ (27 April). This document includes a list of the various committee members for the Festival.
18 April 1916 (and following nights): George Bernard Shaw, You Never Can Tell, a comedy in four acts, with incidental music under the direction of W. Pauer.

- without music
[Undated]: John Galsworthy, Strife, directed by N. G. Kapp.
26 March 1815: Muddlesex Assize Courts, written by Messrs Israel, Cohen and H.F. Hamlyn and presented by the Ruhleben Debating Society.
14 June 1915, Town Hall: R.M. Smyllie, Mrs McGinty’s Lodger, given by the Irish Players. Two performances, at 6 and 8pm.
8 January 1916: English texts for Russian poems recited by Mr N. Morosoff during the Conversazione.
29 May 1916, Grand Stand Hall: Wilde Evening, presented by the Arts and Sciences Union.
16-18 November 1916: Everyman, a Moral Play
13 and 15 April [1918]: August Strindberg, The Dance of Death, given by the Arts and Science Union.

3. Other events
- with music
Handbook, Ruhleben Football Association, 1915 season, including the programme for a concert given on 3 June as part of the medal presentation ceremony, with vocal solos by Mr W. Blanch, Mr H. Hamlyn, Mr Stanley Shuttleworth, Mr Percy Maurice, and Mr Binns, and violin solos by Mr Godfrey Ludlow, the whole accompanied by Mr R. Day. There is also a short review of the event which describes it as ‘some concert’ and cites the performance of numerous encores.

- without music
[Undated]: a list of lecture courses to be delivered under the auspices of the Arts and Science Union, including a series entitled ‘Development of Music’ given by E.L. Bainton. This bears the handwritten addition of the name of Mr Pennington.
28 March 1915: Grand Football Match.
18 May 1915: Ruhleben Camp Sports, including a list of the Officials for this event and the names of the competitors.
12-14 July 1915, Grand Stand: Catalogue for an Art Exhibition, ‘intended to be representative of the artistic work done by members of the Camp, both amateurs and professionals’.
19-25 June 1916, Studio: Catalogue for Arts and Crafts Exhibition, including a list of the organizing committee.

4. Other material
- Ruhleben Camp School: multiple copies of the prospectuses for the six terms from Autumn/Winter 1915 through to Summer 1917. These documents variously include lists of the school’s organization committee, photos of the school buildings, and details of the courses available (including music classes given under the direction of E.L. Bainton). There is a printed statement regarding the school (including extracts from a draft constitution), copies of registers/attendance records, and Agendas (19 and 26 March, 2 and 20 April 1916) and Notices/Motions (2 March 1916) from school meetings. There is also a large amount of miscellaneous material, including printed and handwritten correspondence (much of it addressed to or signed by A. M. Pennington), maps/plans of the school grounds, and lecture notes and examination papers/questions (particularly relating to the Engineering department/classes). Some bear handwritten annotations.

- In Ruhleben Camp/Ruhleben Camp News: copies of the first and second issues and of a special supplement to this publication, which provides reports and reviews of various activities taking place within the camp, including musical performances. The second edition (dated 27 January 1915), includes an extended section entitled ‘Ruhleben Concerts’, written by W. Butterworth which comprises a review of the performance of Gounod and Handel given on Christmas Day 1914 (see programme above) and of a concert on 17 January 1915.

- The Ruhleben Daily News: 11 and 29 November and 1, 4 and 5 December 1915. This provides a review of news and events from outside the camp.

There is a volume of articles, short stories, poems and sketches contributed by camp members entitled ‘Prisoners’ Pie’ (New Year 1916). This includes the words and handwritten score for The New Nativity (a carol for solo voices), the words by C. Duncan Jones and the music by Bryeeson Treharne. Also: publications/printed statements from the Arts and Science Union, the YMCA Physical Culture Association (Assault at Arms, 7 August 1916) and the Ruhleben Dramatic Society (Advertisement/Prospectus); a copy of the Camp Accounts from March 1916; and various pieces of printed and handwritten, internal and external correspondence (including Christmas cards etc).
Date range of collection
1914 - 1918
Accumulation Dates
Suggested Audience
Not Specific
Associated Times

Location Details

British Library
The British Library St Pancras ,96 Euston Road London NW1 2DB
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For details of other collections held at the same location: See the location record

Additional Collection Information

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Management Information (Type)
Collection Owner(s)
Collection Creator(s)
Collection Collector(s)
Collection Custodians(s)
Associated Collection(s)
Cardif University (Prifysgol Caerdydd)Royal College of Music LondonMuseums, Libraries and Archives Council